Microphone for Computer Recording: The Different Types

Microphone for Computer Recording

With the recent innovations in technology, it has become easier to record directly on your PC. All you need is a USB microphone which, as evident from its name, connects wirelessly to your computer. There is no need to worry about long wires or extra cables which is a real plus for a wide range of customers. However, when it comes to purchasing the best USB microphone for computer recording, this isn’t an easy task by any means.

Varying in sizes, prices and polar patterns, there is a wide range of USB microphones which are available in today’s market. While some of these models are viable for recording podcasts, others come handy for the voice-over artists.

However, if you want to purchase the best USB microphone for computer recording, one which can be used for different applications, you’ve just landed at the perfect place. After extensive research, we’ve prepared the below-mentioned guide for all such customers who want to purchase the best possible product without any hassle.

Microphone for Computer Recording

As compared to the traditional microphones, the USB microphones have arrived more recently in the market. A typical USB microphone consists of all the basic components of its traditional counterpart, including a capsule.

As per the unique elements, it includes a couple of extra circuits along with a digital converter. Another component which is exclusive to USB microphones is a preamplifier. While the digital converter allows you to turn analog signals into digital signals and vice versa, the preamplifier nullifies the requirement of an additional mixer.

It means that after making this purchase, all you need to do is just to connect the microphone to your PC. You no longer need to spend extra money on other music recording equipment. That is because the USB microphone can handle everything in an imperious manner.


Just like their traditional counterparts, the USB microphones come in three different categories. It includes Dynamic, Ribbon and Condenser. Each one of these three types are designed for distinct music applications, and each one of them comes with their own sets of advantages and disadvantages.

Dynamic Microphone

In simple words, a dynamic USB microphone converts sound waves into electrical energy with the help of a diaphragm. As you speak, the diaphragm, which is fitted inside the head of this microphone, starts vibrating. This sets the attached coil in motion. When the metallic coil moves back and forth in the magnetic field created by the built-in magnet, it eventually produces current.

As compared to the condenser microphones, the dynamic mics are less sensitive. They might not pick the extremely sensitive sounds, but they do come with a more durable construction. You can also purchase the dynamic microphones at a lesser price which is a big plus for the budget-conscious shoppers. Furthermore, a majority of the dynamic microphones are moisture resistant.

So, if you’re going to record drum sets or even the sound of an electric guitar, the dynamic USB microphones can be your first choice. The fact that this type of microphone incorporates a simple construction makes it viable for long-term usage.

Condenser Microphone

The condenser microphones are ideal for all those customers who’re looking to purchase an ultra-sensitive gear. Incorporating a thin plate of the diaphragm, this type of microphone is famous for its high levels of sensitivity.

Another thing which is unique about the condenser microphone is that it necessitates the use of an external power source. It means you’ve to connect a USB cable which eventually results in a better performance. So, if you want to record vocals at a fast pace, this can be your first choice.

Ribbon Microphone

The ribbon microphones are designed for all those of you who want a vintage microphone. They were first used in the golden age of radio and even after a few decades, they are still going strong amongst a vast majority of customers.

Extremely robust, this device makes use of a rotating voice coil inside a magnetic field. It also comes with directional properties which mean that it will pick up sound coming from a specific direction. Such kind of arrangement is viable for all those customers who’re going to use this microphone in an outdoor situation.

Polar Patterns

If you’ve used any sort of microphones in the past, you might be familiar with the term polar pattern. It basically refers to the way in which a microphone responds to audio from a certain direction. In simple words, you can think of it as a microphone’s field of sensitivity.

While some microphones are designed to pick up sound from any direction, in the same way, there are other which will pick up audio coming from a specific direction. Furthermore, there is another type of computer microphone which can pick up audio coming from two different locations.

A USB microphone is categorized into three different types on the basis of its polar patterns: Cardioid, Omnidirectional, and Figure of eight.


A USB microphone with a cardioid pattern is designed to pick up audio from the front side only. It will reject any such noises which might come from the sides or even the back of the mic. As a result, you can efficiently use this type of USB microphone in an outside location.


As the name suggests, a USB microphone with the omnidirectional polar pattern is designed to pick up audio from either direction. It doesn’t matter whether you’re speaking at the front or even at the back of this mic as it will record your audio without any hindrance.

Figure of Eight

A relatively new type, a microphone with the figure of eight polar pattern can pick up audio from the front and rear side with equal efficacy. This is an excellent choice for two different singers as they can record their audio without any difficulty.

Microphone for Computer Recording: The Conclusion

When choosing the best USB microphone for computer recording, it is beneficial to do some research before stepping into the market. Apart from following the guide above, you can also ask from fellow professionals about the gear which they’re using. That is because, at the end of the day, it all comes down to your personal preference and the way in which you’re going to use this device.