Those who want to record their own music often ask, what are good recording microphones? It’s quite hard to answer this question as there are so many kinds and brands to choose from. It also depends on your budget or the amount of money you’re willing to pay.
Prices range from a hundred to almost a thousand dollars. But before you stress yourself out about prices, you should know the different types of microphones that are often found in studios and used on stage. There are only three main types of microphone, and the first is the one you’re probably most familiar with.
If you often watch concerts or live shows, you will recognize that the microphones the hosts and performers are holding are dynamic mics. Studio production companies and television networks often choose this type of mic because it is rugged and durable. In other words, you get the most for your money. These mics are usually cheaper than other types.
Dynamic mics are capable of withstanding moisture and other kinds of abuse from long-term use. That’s why they are suitable for live performances and some studio work. In terms of sound quality, they are great for recording louder instruments such as drums, guitar amplifiers and rock vocals. Why? Because these mics have a magnetized moving coil that is used for capturing the sound waves. The coils can take loud signals produced by really loud instruments.
Unlike the other kinds of the mic, this one does not need a power supply. So how does it operate? It is actually a loud speaker working in reverse. There is a diaphragm attached to the coil (the moving coil mentioned above). Upon receiving the sound waves, the coil will move backward and forward and past the magnet. The current is channeled from the mic to the wires and what you hear is sound.
Aside from this, another good thing about dynamic mics is that they cannot reproduce sounds that are a long way away from them. They can only reproduce sound sources near or in front of them, so they don’t pick up distant noises such as crowd sounds.
Singers and musicians who ask “what are good recording microphones?” are often advised to use a condenser microphone. This is especially true if you have a studio at home. One great thing about this type is its high sensitivity to environmental sounds.
This kind of microphone captures all sound sources, reproducing with clarity and detail. If you want to record while playing acoustic guitar or piano in an enclosed room, this is the best kind of mic to choose.
This mic isn’t limited to studio recording; it’s more versatile than you might think. They are used for recording orchestras and live performances where picking up the sounds of different instruments is important.
Condenser microphones need a power supply like a battery or an external source. They are built for a stronger signal and are more responsive. In other words, they reproduce sounds faster than dynamic mics. However, they cannot be used for high-volume work because the sound can be distorted.
The last and the least common type of microphones for recording is the ribbon mic. These were the popular back in the days of radio studios. They have a vibrating ribbon for capturing the velocity of the air and higher notes, producing a warm and less harsh sound. Most home studio owners do not have this mic since it is only used for specific instruments. It is often used for drum overheads to tame the harsh sounds of the cymbals.
The old counterparts of ribbon mics are not as durable as the newer models today. Modern ribbon mics are more durable, reliable and sturdier. Aside from this, they can also now record multiple instruments at a time provided that there is no noise in the area. Some people also use this for recording vocals with a vintage vibe.
To get the best possible recording of your instruments, vocals or live performance, picking the right microphone for the job is paramount. That is why knowing their differences and what they’re best suited for is important.
If you have a home studio, a condenser mic is ideal. If you have a loud guitar amp, then you need a dynamic mic. If you need to record woodwind or strins instruments, invest in ribbon mics.